Types of dental crowns are essential for anyone looking to restore damaged teeth, enhance dental function, or improve the appearance of their smile. Dental crowns act as caps placed over a tooth, customized to fit perfectly and blend seamlessly with your natural teeth. In this guide, you’ll discover various crown types available and their unique benefits, enabling you to make an informed decision tailored to your needs.

Dental crowns are not just about aesthetics; they play a crucial role in protecting and restoring the structure of damaged or decayed teeth. They help to withstand the bite pressure that your natural teeth endure, preserving the longevity of your dental health. The type of crown you choose can affect not only the durability and look of the crown but can also have implications for your overall oral health.

Here’s a quick overview of the common types of dental crowns used in dentistry today:

Infographic describing types of dental crowns, highlighting Porcelain as best for aesthetics, Gold for durability, Zirconia for strength and appearance, PFM for a balance of durability and look, Composite Resin as cost-effective, and E-Max for best color match and durability. - types of dental crowns infographic pillar-5-steps

This brief overview introduces the different types of dental crowns available. As we move through the guide, we will delve deeper into each type, discussing their specific advantages, cost considerations, and suitable applications. Whether you’re a busy New Yorker looking for a quick and efficient dental solution or someone seeking a detailed understanding to make the best choice, this guide is designed to provide you with all the necessary information.

Understanding Dental Crowns


A dental crown is a cap that is placed over a tooth to restore its shape, size, strength, and improve its appearance. Once installed, the crown fully encases the visible portion of the tooth above the gum line.


The primary function of a dental crown is to protect and strengthen tooth structure that cannot be restored with fillings or other types of restorations. However, crowns also have aesthetic uses and are employed to improve the appearance of misshapen or severely discolored teeth.


Dental crowns are recommended for various reasons, including:
To restore a broken or worn-down tooth: Over time, teeth can get worn down from things like grinding. A crown can restore the tooth’s original shape and size.
To cover and support a tooth with a large filling: When there isn’t a lot of tooth left, a crown can protect and hold the tooth together.
To hold a dental bridge in place: Crowns are placed on the teeth adjacent to a gap to securely anchor a bridge.
To cover a dental implant: A crown is used to complete the implant procedure, giving the appearance of a natural tooth.
To make a cosmetic modification: For aesthetic reasons, crowns can be used to change the shape or color of teeth.
After a root canal treatment: Teeth that have had root canal treatment can become fragile and are more prone to fracture. Crowns protect [these teeth from breaking](

This section sets the stage for a deeper exploration into the types of dental crowns available, helping you understand which type might be best for your specific dental needs. Each crown type will be discussed in detail, focusing on their unique benefits and potential drawbacks.

Types of Dental Crowns

When choosing a dental crown, it’s important to understand the different materials available and their specific benefits and drawbacks. Each type of crown offers unique features that could be more or less suitable depending on your specific dental needs, aesthetic desires, and budget. Here’s a breakdown of the most common types of dental crowns:

Porcelain Crowns

Porcelain crowns are highly favored for their natural appearance, making them an excellent choice for front teeth. They closely mimic the translucency and color of natural teeth.

Zirconia Crowns

Zirconia combines the strength of metal crowns with the aesthetics of porcelain. This makes them suitable for both front and back teeth.

Gold Crowns

Gold crowns are one of the oldest and most reliable types of dental crowns, known for their durability and strength.

E.max Crowns

Made from lithium disilicate, E.max crowns are known for their strength and appealing aesthetics. They are a popular choice for both front and back teeth.

Porcelain-fused-to-metal (PFM) Crowns

PFM crowns offer a good balance between the durability of metal and the aesthetic appeal of porcelain.

Resin Crowns

Resin crowns are generally used as a temporary solution while waiting for a permanent crown to be made. They are less durable but more affordable.

Each type of crown has its specific applications and is chosen based on factors like the tooth’s location, the patient’s bite, aesthetic needs, and budget. Whether you need a crown that offers durability for back teeth or one that provides a flawless aesthetic for front teeth, there’s a material suitable for every situation. Your dentist will help you choose the best type based on your individual needs, ensuring your smile is both beautiful and functional.

Factors to Consider When Choosing a Crown

When you and your dentist decide that you need a dental crown, several factors come into play to determine the best type for you. Here’s a breakdown of the key elements you should consider:


The price of dental crowns varies widely depending on the material used. For instance:
Gold crowns and E.max crowns are generally more expensive due to their durability and material costs.
Porcelain and zirconia crowns offer a mid-range price, balancing cost with a natural appearance.
Resin crowns are the most budget-friendly, often used as a temporary solution.


If the look of your crown is important, especially for front teeth, you’ll want to consider:
Porcelain and E.max crowns are favored for their ability to match your natural teeth.
Zirconia crowns also provide a good aesthetic but are slightly less translucent than porcelain.
Gold crowns, while durable, are more noticeable and less popular for visible teeth.

Oral Health

The condition of your oral health plays a significant role in the type of crown chosen:
– Stronger materials like gold or porcelain-fused-to-metal (PFM) are recommended for teeth that have undergone significant decay or for molars that endure heavy chewing forces.
– If you have allergies or sensitivities, all-ceramic or zirconia crowns may be better as they are biocompatible and less likely to cause reactions.

Material Properties

Each material has unique properties that might make it more suitable for your needs:
Gold crowns are highly durable and offer longevity but lack in aesthetic appeal.
Porcelain crowns provide the best natural look but can be more fragile than other types.
Zirconia offers an excellent balance of strength and aesthetics, suitable for both front and back teeth.

Patient Needs

Finally, your specific needs, including your lifestyle and preferences, influence the choice:
– If you are an athlete or often engage in activities that could impact your teeth, a more durable material like zirconia might be ideal.
– For those who prioritize a natural look for front-facing teeth, porcelain or E.max are preferred choices.
– Budget constraints might lead you to consider more cost-effective options like resin crowns.

By discussing these factors with your dentist at Dr. Sameh Aknouk Dental Services PC, you can make an informed decision that balances cost, aesthetics, and functionality to best suit your individual needs and ensure a long-lasting, beautiful smile.

Advantages and Disadvantages of Each Type

When selecting from the various types of dental crowns, weigh both the benefits and drawbacks of each material. Below, we explore the pros and cons of popular crown types to help guide your decision.

Porcelain Crowns

Zirconia Crowns

Gold Crowns

E.max Crowns (Lithium Disilicate)

Porcelain-fused-to-metal (PFM) Crowns

Resin Crowns

Each type of crown has its specific applications and is suited to different needs. Whether you prioritize durability, aesthetics, or cost, there is a crown type that fits your requirements. Discussing these options with your dentist at Dr. Sameh Aknouk Dental Services PC will ensure you choose the best material for your situation, aligning with your dental health goals and budget constraints.

Frequently Asked Questions about Dental Crowns

What is the lifespan of a dental crown?

The lifespan of a dental crown varies based on the material used and how well you take care of it. On average, crowns last between 5 to 15 years, but some can last up to 30 years or more, especially if they are made of durable materials like metal or zirconia. Regular dental check-ups and good oral hygiene are key to extending the life of your crown.

Can dental crowns be whitened?

No, dental crowns cannot be whitened. Crowns are made from materials that do not respond to whitening agents like natural teeth do. If you are considering whitening your teeth, it’s best to do this before getting a crown. This way, your dentist can match the crown to your newly whitened teeth. If your crown appears discolored, consult with your dentist at Dr. Sameh Aknouk Dental Services PC for options such as replacing the crown.

How do I care for my dental crown?

Caring for a dental crown involves simple but important steps to ensure it lasts as long as possible:
Brush at least twice a day and floss daily. Use a soft-bristled toothbrush and non-abrasive toothpaste to avoid scratching the crown.
Avoid hard, sticky, and chewy foods that can damage or dislodge the crown.
Visit your dentist regularly for check-ups. Your dentist can spot and address any issues such as loose crowns or decay at an early stage.

By following these care tips, you can help extend the lifespan of your dental crown and maintain a healthy smile. Each type of crown may have specific care guidelines, so it’s a good idea to discuss these with your dentist at Dr. Sameh Aknouk Dental Services PC.


Choosing the right type of dental crown is crucial for ensuring the longevity, functionality, and aesthetics of your dental restoration. At Dr. Sameh Aknouk Dental Services PC, we understand that each patient’s needs are unique. Whether you’re looking for durability, a natural appearance, or a cost-effective solution, we are here to guide you through the selection process.

Types of dental crowns come with their own sets of advantages and challenges. For instance:
Porcelain crowns blend in seamlessly with your natural teeth but are less durable under great pressure.
Zirconia crowns offer exceptional strength and a natural look but can be more costly.
Gold crowns are highly durable and require less tooth preparation, though they are less favored for visible teeth due to their color.
E.max crowns provide an excellent balance of strength and aesthetics but come at a higher price.
Porcelain-fused-to-metal (PFM) crowns are strong and aesthetic, though the metal framework may sometimes be visible at the gum line.

At Dr. Sameh Aknouk Dental Services PC, our approach is to consider not only the clinical aspects of dental crowns but also your personal preferences and lifestyle. Our team uses state-of-the-art technology to ensure that each crown is crafted with precision and designed to meet your specific needs.

We invite you to explore our crown services and discuss your options with us. Our goal is to provide you with a crown that not only protects your tooth but also enhances your smile beautifully. Let us help you make the best choice for your oral health and aesthetic desires. Together, we can achieve a smile that you are proud to show off.